Adaptation to stress in the physical body

for the discipline “Medical-biological problems of adaptation of human body to high muscular loads”

1. Functional reserves and limit the functionality of the human body.

2. Functional reserves of adaptation to different muscular work.

3. Manifestations of maladjustment in sports. Its causes and prevention.

4. Especially the adaptation of the CNS to various environmental factors and muscle loads.

5. Features of adaptation of cardiovascular system to various environmental factors and muscle loads.

6. Features of adaptation of the respiratory system to various environmental factors and muscle loads.

7. Especially the adaptation of humoral-hormonal system to various environmental factors and muscle loads.

8. Especially the adaptation of the female body for various muscular loads.

9. Human adaptation to extreme environmental conditions.

10. Adaptogens and biostimulants. Their role in adaptive reactions. The application features in sports practice.

Questions to offset

for the discipline “Medical-biological problems of adaptation of human body to high muscular loads”

1. The notion of adaptation. The factors that cause adaptation. Their classification. Regularities of the process of adaptation. Value problems of adaptation in sport.

2. Characteristics of adaptive changes in a healthy organism. The normal adaptive response. Adaptive shifts. Dynamics of adaptive changes under the action of extreme factors. The adaptive norm of reaction.

3. Physiological characterization of the stages of adaptation. Stage physiological stress. Stage adaptation. Stage disadaptation and the inclusion of compensatory reactions. Stage rehabilitation.

4. Characteristics of immediate and long-term adaptation. Role of the hypothalamic-gipovisolodilov system in triggering an adaptive response. Changes in organs and systems of the body with immediate and long-term adaptation.

5. Functional adaptation. Structural footprint as the basis for long-term adaptation. Trace reactions and autonomic memory.

6. Damaging stress situation and adapting to it. The pathogenesis of stress damage. Protective effects of adaptation. The mechanism of adaptation to stress situations.

7. The concept of stress and types of stressors. The doctrine of the General adaptation syndrome. Stages of General adaptation syndrome.

8. Stress-limiting, its modulatory system. A state of stress-limiting systems in the process of stress response and their adaptive role.

9. Adaptation to repeated stress. The effect of metabolites and activators of stress-limiting systems. Prevention of stress damage.

10. The role of functionality stress-limiting antioxidant system in the prevention of stress damage. The nature of stress damage in adapted and non-adapted individuals.

11. Prevention of ischemic damage of the myocardium under the action of stress factors.

12. Positive cross-effects of adaptation: the increasing resistance of the organism to environmental factors, physical stress, pain, negative emotions, improving the ability to develop responsive relationships.

13. Negative cross-effects of adaptation. The price of adaptation.

14. Dynamics of the functional state of the Central nervous system in adaptation to different environmental factors and physical activity.

15. Adaptive changes in the production of hormones and biologically active substances.

16. The concept of sensory adaptation. The manifestation of sensory adaptation. The mechanism of sensory adaptation. The role of the efferent regulation of the properties of sensory systems in its adaptation.

17. Regulatory adaptation mechanisms of the heart. Intracardiac regulation. Extracardial regulation.

18. Samoregulatorna reaction hearts on short-term volume load and pressure. Adaptation of cardiac activity to various physical loads.

19. Physiological characterization of Hypo – and hyperthermia. Heat and cold adaptation.

20. Tolerant adaptation. Metabolic adaptation. Local adaptation. A feverish state. Temperature limit for survival.

21. The concept deadaptatsii. Physiological and pathological deadplate. The leveling system structural trace. Biological feasibility deadaptatsii.

22. Characterization and classification of functional reserves. The value of the reserve capacity of the person. Mechanisms of mobilization of reserve capacity.

23. Characteristics and mechanisms of urgent adaptation to physical loads.

24. Characteristics and mechanisms of long-term adaptation to physical loads.

25. Functional changes in organs and systems of the body in a fixed-term adaptation to physical loads.

26. Functional changes in organs and body systems with long-term adaptation to physical loads.

27. Positive functional effects of adaptation to muscular activity. (increase of efficiency of activity of physiological systems and organs, increase speed of work of organs and body systems and their recovery, increase the reserve capacity of the organism, increase nonspecific resistance of the organism during adaptation to muscular activity).

28. Factors limiting athletic performance during effort aerobic orientation.

29. Factors limiting athletic performance when loaded anaerobic focus.

30. Factors limiting athletic performance during effort in an anaerobic-aerobic zone of energy supply.

31. Forms of rates of adaptation to excessive physical stress.

32. Maladjustment. Its causes are. Prevention of disturbance of adaptation and wear of the systems of the body when excessive physical exertion.

33. Factors affecting the duration of acclimatization to cold environment.

34. Heat stress. His influence on the human body. The concept and mechanisms of thermal adaptation.

35. Features of human adaptation to muscular work in a hot environment. The development and manifestation of physical qualities in hot climates.

36. The factors acting on the human body in the Midlands and highlands. The function and manifestation of physical qualities in the Midlands and highlands.

37. Hypoxic hypoxia. Acute and chronic hypoxia. Stage of adaptation to high altitude hypoxia.

38. Factors influencing person in the aquatic environment. The cardiovascular system and its adaptation when swimming.

39. Physiological aspects of adaptation to high atmospheric pressure. Possible negative effects on the dives and their prevention.

40. Adaptation of the female body to the optimum and excessive physical stress.

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